Application of Wind Profiler Radar Data I : Quality Assessment

1.Nanjing University of Information Science Technology;2.Inner Mongolia Tongliao Meteorological Service

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    A wind profiler radar is a new type of Doppler wind radar designed to measure the horizontal wind vectors, and are able to provide wind profiles at various elevations with high temporal and spatial resolution. It plays an increasingly important role in China"s Meteorological business. However, the quality of wind profiler radar data varies widely consider-ing the different types of radars deployed in China. To better utilize these data in numerical weather prediction (NWP), this study assesses the data quality from five different types of wind profiler radars (i.e., CFL-06, GLC-24, TWP8-L, CFL-03 and CLC-11-D) at 20 stations in North China from June to September 2019. Results show that each type of profiler has strong detection ability, but different profilers have great differences in data acquisition rate and effective detection height. Without considering the influence of precipitation, the data quality of v-wind is better than that of u-wind for all types of profilers. In all air conditions, the quality of u-wind data from TWP8-L profiler is relatively the best, followed by CFL-03 radar, the quality of u-wind data from GLC-24 radar is the worst. The differences in v-wind data is not noticea-ble, while bias correction and quality control are necessary for u-wind data. The data quality of wind profile radar is quite sensitive to precipitation, which reduces the data acquisition rates at low levels and increases the data acquisition rates at the middle and high levels, with the maximum increase of 53%. The statistical results indicate precipitation is responsible for the large mean errors and root mean square errors (RMSEs) of u wind data. GLC-24 and CLC-11-D profilers are the most sensitive to precipitation. The RMSEs are increased by 5.5 m/s in precipitation regions as compared to non-precipitation regions. The u-wind and v-wind data in precipitation regions requires further quality control procedure.

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  • Received:May 03,2022
  • Revised:May 21,2022
  • Adopted:May 23,2022
  • Online: May 23,2022
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