南京信息工程大学季风研究若干重要进展回顾——明德格物一甲子,科教融合六十载
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国家重点研发计划重点专项课题(2018YFC1505905);国家自然科学基金面上项目(41975106);国家重点基础研究发展计划(2013CB430202)


Review of monsoon research progress in NUIST:a celebration of the 60th anniversary of NUIST
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    摘要:

    回顾了南京信息工程大学(简称南信大)建校60年来季风研究的主要历程以及在亚洲季风,特别是在东亚季风研究方面取得的重要成果。20世纪80年代至21世纪初,中美季风合作、中日季风合作和“南海季风试验”3次国际季风合作研究的顺利实施,极大地推进了南信大季风研究团队的组建和壮大,同时也催生了一系列创新性成果。团队首先揭示了东亚季风与印度季风环流的差异,提出了东亚副热带季风的明确概念;发现了东亚副热带夏季风的建立独立并早于南海夏季风;揭示了“亚澳大陆桥”是北半球春季亚洲季风区对流最活跃的地区,其对流的建立和推进对东亚夏季风的建立至关重要;较早开展了东亚季风区季节内振荡北传特征和机制的研究并成功应用于东亚季风区延伸期预报。这些创新性成果的取得为季风研究做出了重要贡献。近年来,南信大秉承“开放发展、联合发展”的办学理念,大力引进高层次人才,进一步推动了季风研究。作为国际季风研究的重要力量之一,南信大季风研究团队将始终坚守季风研究阵地,不断深化季风理论认识、提升季风预测水平。

    Abstract:

    This paper reviews the main course of monsoon research in Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology (NUIST) since the founding of NUIST 60 years ago,and the important achievements in the Asian monsoon,especially in the East Asian monsoon.From 1980s to early 2000s,the successful implementation of the PRC-US,PRC-Japan cooperated monsoon research projects and the “South China Sea Monsoon Experiment” has greatly promoted the formation and growth of the monsoon research team in NUIST,and also contributed to a series of innovative achievements.First,the atmospheric circulation differences between the East Asian monsoon and the Indian monsoon were revealed,and the clear concept of the East Asian subtropical monsoon was proposed.Second,an earlier onset of the East Asian subtropical summer monsoon than the South China Sea summer monsoon with the former independent of the latter was found.Third,the Asian-Australian “land bridge” was identified as the region with the most active convections in the Asian monsoon region in the Northern Hemisphere in spring,and the associated convection occurrence and northward advancement play a vital role in the onset of the East Asian summer monsoon.Fourth,the northward-propagation characteristics and mechanism of the summer intraseasonal oscillation over the East Asian monsoon region were unraveled and successfully applied to the extended-range forecast.These innovative achievements have made great contributions to the monsoon research.In recent years,NUIST has been adhering to the idea of “Open Development and Joint Development” and vigorously introducing high-level talents,which further contribute to the monsoon research.As one of the important teams dedicated to international monsoon research,NUIST monsoon research team will keep deepening the understanding of monsoon theory and improving the level of monsoon forecast.

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  • 收稿日期:2020-09-03
  • 最后修改日期:2020-09-24
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  • 在线发布日期: 2020-11-06
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