陆面过程模式研发中的问题
投稿时间:2020-01-03  修订日期:2020-01-13  点此下载全文
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作者单位E-mail
戴永久 中山大学 大气科学学院, 广东 珠海 519082 daiyj6@mail.sysu.edu.cn 
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFA0604300;2016YFB0200801);国家自然科学基金重点项目(41730962)
中文摘要:陆面过程研究是充分理解天气/气候/地球系统过程不可或缺的重要主题。本文全面梳理了当前用于数值天气/气候/地球系统模式的陆面过程模式研制的问题,建议了当前陆面过程模式研制中需加强和改进完善的关键内容。特别强调在新一代模式研发中建立包含人类活动的高分辨率全球陆面过程模式;特别强调与其他学科相结合,形成不同行业的预报预测系统或研究方法和工具。建议建设中国的集模式发展、数据分析、模拟方法、高性能计算、数据可视化和应用示范为一体的陆面模拟综合集成平台,为天气/气候/地球系统模式提供陆面过程模式,为开展精细化的全球和区域陆面水文-气象-生态的预报预测提供科技支撑。
中文关键词:陆面过程模式  陆面模拟综合集成平台  全球和区域陆面水文-气象-生态的预报预测
 
Issues in research and development of land surface process model
Abstract:Land surface process research is the indispensable topic to better understand weather/climate/earth system processes.In this paper,we systematically summarized the issues in the development of land surface process models for use in numerical weather/climate/earth system models.We highly recommend to develop the high-resolution global land surface process model including human activities in the new generation models,and the prediction systems or research methods for different disciplines.We strongly suggest to build a modeling platform that integrate the model development,data analysis,simulation methods,high performance computing,data visualization and application demonstration,and that could provide the land surface models for weather/climate/earth system models and provide scientific and technological support for global and regional hydrological-meteorological-ecological prediction.
keywords:land surface process model  integrated land surface simulation platform  global and regional terrestrial hydrological-meteorological-ecological prediction
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