中央气象台台风预报业务的发展及思考
投稿时间:2020-01-10  修订日期:2020-01-20  点此下载全文
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作者单位E-mail
李泽椿 国家气象中心, 北京 100081 lizc@cma.gov.cn 
张玲 国家气象中心, 北京 100081  
钱奇峰 国家气象中心, 北京 100081  
麻素红 国家气象中心, 北京 100081  
徐晶 中国气象科学研究院, 北京 100081  
代刊 国家气象中心, 北京 100081  
谌芸 国家气象中心, 北京 100081  
王月冬 国家气象中心, 北京 100081  
基金项目:国家自然基金资助项目(41775048);中国气象局预报员专项(CMAYBY2019-139)
中文摘要:随着数值预报技术和综合探测体系的不断进步和完善,近十几年来中央气象台的台风业务预报取得了较显著的进展,特别是台风路径业务预报水平进展显著,基本达到了国际先进水平,但是在台风强度和风雨影响的预报及台风风险评估方面进展相对较慢。本文从我国台风灾害影响的严重性和中央气象台台风预报的重要性、中央气象台台风预报的发展历程、中央气象台台风预报员的作用、台风业务中重大科学问题的提出和解决途径、重大台风科研项目对中央气象台台风业务的促进和指导等几方面进行了回顾和分析,并提出了未来提高台风业务预报能力的有效途径。
中文关键词:台风预报业务  科研开发  集合预报  人工智能
 
The development and consideration of typhoon forecast operation of National Meteorological Center
Abstract:With the continuous progress and improvement of numerical prediction technology and comprehensive detection system,the typhoon operational prediction of the Central Meteorological Center has made remarkable progress in the past decade,especially the operational prediction level of typhoon track,which has basically reached the international advanced level,but the progress in the prediction of typhoon intensity,wind and rain impact and typhoon risk assessment is relatively slow.This paper reviews the severity of typhoon disaster in China,the importance of Typhoon Forecast in the Central Meteorological Center,the development of Typhoon Forecast of CMC,the role of typhoon forecaster in CMC,the proposal and solution of major scientific problems in typhoon operation,and the promotion and guidance of major scientific research projects for typhoon operation in CMC.Some effective ways to improve the operational typhoon forecast ability in the future are put forward.
keywords:typhoon forecast  scientific research and development  ensemble forecast  artificial intelligence
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